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The Commonalities and Differences Between Christianity and Buddhism

The Commonalities and Differences Between Christianity and Buddhism

Buddhism is one of the most widely practiced faiths among Asian people. “The Budda” is the appellation given to a man called Siddhartha Gautama, who is credited with originating the teachings of Buddhism (Yu, 2020). Both Christianity and Buddhism have certain commonalities and some problems with one another. Both religions had outstanding teachers, and both religious groups’ births were commemorated. Aside from that, they were both engaged in dealings with the devil early in their respective lives. One of the most amazing similarities is that they both miraculously fed thousands of believers. They were both celebrated as significant phenomena in their final moments. Both faiths are preoccupied with receiving revelation from their Gods (Thelle, 2021). Because Christians want to guarantee that their flock understands what it means to be a Christian, this is a source of worry for them.

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Both religions have a different conception of God than the other. Christians believe that God, who resides in heaven, is the originator of their faith. Christianity holds that there is nothing other than God, who is said to be everywhere simultaneously. In addition, the man was formed in the image of God, who created everything in the universe, including the heavens and the earth. Our ultimate objective in life is to achieve oneness with God, live God, and do it without pursuing worldly goods but rather salvation (Tachibana, 2021). Only through Jesus and the messages of the Bible can a person come to know and understand God.

On the other hand, Buddhism holds that there is no external God. Everything that exists, including trees, the ground, rain, sunlight, flowers, and nature, is a creation of God. These people do not believe in Jesus Christ. Buddhism regards God as a being who brings about self-enlightenment from within an individual as opposed to a omnipresent God who exists outwardly. Buddha believes in the awakening, which is referred to as “Nirvana,” as well as the quest for one’s own identity.

The Buddhists think that the Bible fails to see that God has already completed his work by providing the world with light, water, darkness, sky, freedom of choice, the earth’s happiness, sun, and the only species on this planet that can decide for themselves. Buddhism holds that our ultimate purpose is to seek God inside ourselves, rather than to seek for God in the omnipresent blank space, and to look within to discover the secret to life that God has already placed within us (Stark, 2021). In Buddhism, it is recommended that we spend a lifetime learning the secrets of ourselves to scope higher plains that connect nature to us. Buddhism is based on the concept of oneness inside oneself, rather than one external source God that we can never touch physical. Looking inside is a bigger reward than looking for something on the exterior that may or may not be understandable. Buddha thinks that pursuing knowledge and pleasure is more important than following an omnipresent deity or God.

Despite the disparities in the origins of both faiths’ moral standards, there is enough evidence to show that Christianity and Buddhism have a strong affinity for one another. In the first place, many ethical acts of a devoutly religious believer in any of these two faiths would seem to be the same in both cases. Respect for others’ beliefs, honesty, abstention from numerous evil-inviting behaviors such as jealousy or greed, and nonviolence are taught in every religious tradition worldwide. When believers of these ethical systems taught by these two religions follow the morality route, each religion judges that individual to be closer to holy state. If you are a Christian, becoming closer to Christ Jesus would be a positive attribute. If you are a Buddhist, this might look like attaining a state of nirvana (Enlightenment) or even reincarnating into a “heavenly” region beyond your present life span (Vuong et al., 2020). Various ultimate aims drive adherents of these faiths to seek to embrace and embody the ideals of each religion’s moral standards to become “good” and “right.” Likely, persons in each religion who are driven by and wholly immersed in the paths that lead to their divinities would exhibit behaviors comparable to one another as a result of this phenomenon.

According to Christianity, its adherents believe in a revered form of the creator who created all that exists and possesses the heavenly authority to establish and enforce laws that his followers are expected to follow. Because God’s word is perfect and final, a person who disobeys them is rightfully regarded as “bad” and a “sinner.” They trust in the existence of a soul and that to avoid going to Hell in the afterlife, one must first achieve a state of salvation in this life. Buddhists hold to a belief system that is fundamentally different from this one. Those who follow the Dharma believe that the Buddha teachings are the most divine type of insight available to humanity. Buddhists believe that the way of life he preached and the most desirable goal of eradicating suffering and achieving enlightment from one’s life is what is righteous.

Buddhism is concerned with the person who has been enlightened, not only being liberated from the cycle of reincarnation but also obtaining the ultimate state of Nirvana (no more births). Christianity is also concerned with Enlightenment via the Bible’s texts, which are founded on the teachings of Jesus Christ (Donovan, 2019). According to Buddhism, this experience of Enlightenment is referred to as an awakening. While going through this awakening process, people acquire spiritual insight from Buddha, paving the door for a complete knowledge of life and oneself. In Buddhism, the focus is achieved by meditation, which clears our brains of all worldly ideas while simultaneously removing the veils of ignorance. The ultimate objective is to achieve the state of becoming a fully enlightened human being.

Both faiths exhibit distinct and similar characteristics, which shows that all religions may have descended from a single initial source. Even though humanity has held these perceptions for hundreds of years, resulting in several holy wars, in reality, the world has prospered due to the existence of both religions. Because of their endurance and wisdom, humans have maintained a certain balance between the two religions, allowing others to choose what they believe is best for them in their respective regions (Payutto, 2017). The similarities and distinctions between the two faiths attract individuals to them both. Furthermore, the overlapping of religion brings some of the beliefs of others closer together since they are not far apart in terms of what human beings believe to be accurate in the first place.


Donovan, V. J. (2019). Christianity rediscovered. Orbis Books. n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2017.

Payutto, Bhikkhu P.A. “Good and Evil in Buddhism.” UrbanDharma.org. UrbanDharma.org,

Stark, R. (2021). The rise of Christianity. Princeton University Press.

Tachibana, S. (2021). The ethics of Buddhism. Routledge.

Thelle, N. R. (2021). Buddhism and Christianity in Japan. University of Hawaii Press.

Vuong, Q. H., Bui, Q. K., La, V. P., Vuong, T. T., Nguyen, V. H. T., Ho, M. T., … & Ho, M. T. (2018). Cultural additivity: behavioural insights from the interaction of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism in folktales. Palgrave Communications, 4(1), 1-15.

Yü, C. F. (2020). The Renewal of Buddhism in China. Columbia University Press.

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