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Understanding Different Leadership Styles and Personal Development Planning

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Understanding Different Leadership Styles and Personal Development Planning

1. Describe the following leadership styles and provide two examples of situations in which each style might be effective (70-80 words each):

  • Dictatorial style
  • Autocratic or authoritarian style
  • Democratic leadership style
  • Consultative leadership style




Dictatorial style:  (Chirwa, W. C. 2001)

A leader who is having this style work like he is a dictator. He is controlling entire things and decisions about what, where, when, and how. The leader controls all actions of subordinates in this style. Those who do not follow instructions may face strict actions and may face long-term issues.

Example: Mainly this style is used in the military of the country where a decision is made by the head and every commando has to follow it.

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Autocratic or authoritarian style:

Autocratic leadership is a type of management where a single person has all authority. This can be anyone either owner of business or leader. A leader is having entire control of the project, business line, and area of work. The decision was taken without taking any inputs from subordinates.

Example: A general contractor who gives order and directs every aspect of a job and tells sub-contractors how to perform their jobs, rather than soliciting input from them.

Democratic leadership style: (Bhatti, N., Maitlo, G. M., Shaikh, N., Hashmi, M. A., & Shaikh, F. M. 2012)

In this leadership style, group members are more participative and the decision has been taken considering inputs received from the team members. Opinions matter of team member to the leader.

Employees are allowed to discuss and resolve issues by giving each one of the opportunities to contribute to decisions.

Example: In the following sector this style is useful:

  • Universities
  • R&D divisions
  • Construction
  • IT company

Consultative leadership style: (Yousef, D. A. 1998)

Consultative leadership is a type of leadership in which influencing team members to work and not to impose authority. Full engagement of subordinates in the decision-making and problem solving will be focussed. In this style, a leader is called a servant of the team.

Example: This happens in a huge enterprise in a specialized industry where the item specialists and engineers and researchers are working specifically on the field

2.Describe the personal development planning methodology in about 200 words.

Answer: Various steps in the whole process of personal development planning:

 Know your goals and aspirations in life. What you wanted to do, what is your aim and what after five years. You should know and concrete plan about how you will do it.

  1. SWOT analysis of yourself. You should analysis of your strength and weakness. You must know about the opportunities in your life and what can be the possible threats for you.


  1. Analyze the best available option:You should be clear about the medium. By clearly understanding the options you are having in hand and then comparing it with your objective and resources you should choose the best available option amongst it. 
  1. Research is extremely important: Talk with your seniors, friends, colleagues and seek their help to make you choose the best option. Take the help from internet research and your professional contacts which will help you to do the best for your career. 
  1. To be extremely focused in life. Always figure out why you are doing this and what is the ultimate goal of your life. Keep working hard and be focused on achieving it. 
  1. To Be patient enough. Always give your full efforts in work and be patient enough to wait for the result 
  1. Learn and implement new things: Try to gain knowledge from whatever you do and always implement what you learn 
  1. Do not get demotivated:Never got demotivated with the results and efforts. Keep doing the work, never lose hope. You need some time to reach there. (2) 

3.Briefly outline three (3) techniques used to collect data when evaluating business opportunities. Respond in no more than 200 words.  

  1. Online Tracking: Your website or mobile app is a phenomenal tool for collecting client data. When users visit your website, they create a list of data points, such as time spent on certain pages.

Accessing this data permits you to perceive what number of individuals visited your site, to what extent they were on it, what they engaged with, and much more. Your website host may gather this kind of information for you and you can also utilize third-party analytics programs, such as Google analytics. (3) 

  1. Online Marketing Analytics: Online marketing analytics is a new source to connect with the market and client. You can also gather essential data through your marketing efforts, regardless of whether you are running marketing campaigns on search engines, your website, or even via email.

You can even import information from offline marketing efforts that you run. Through your marketing campaigns, all details are known you can collect data about who clicked on your advertisements, what time of day they were clicked, what device they were using, and much more. 

  1. Social Media Monitoring: With the increase in social media usage, you can glance through your social media accounts to see who follows you and what attributes they share. Using this data, you can increase your understanding of who your target market is.

You can also use these tools to monitor brand mentions and your online reputation. Various social media tools will give you analytics about how your posts perform. Third-party tools can offer you much more insights from social media data. (3) 

4. What does PEST analysis stand for? Describe the process for external environment scanning relating to social, political, economic, and technological developments using a PEST analysis. Respond in 200-250 words 

PEST may be a known for political, financial, social, and imagination. It could be a strategy of seeing how exterior powers sway your trade. It was made by Harvard teacher Francis Aguilar in 1967. It got to be there in each field-tested technique, regardless of a SWOT examination, because it could be a piece of risk the board and procedure arrange. 

P – Political Environment (Sammut‐Bonnici, T., & Galea, D. 2015)

The world of a political issue is an examination of how and what regulatory issues are getting along to the exchange world. Government rules and lawful issues affect an organization’s capacity to be productive and effective, organizing and this figure take a gander at how that can happen. Issues to be considered are charge rules, exchange laws, and security rules, copyright, property law prerequisite, political quality, exchange rules, social and natural course of activity, and different others. 

E – Economic

The financial figure looks at exterior monetary issues that can accept work in an organization’s thriving. For this examination, see advance costs, exchange swelling, joblessness, GDP, credit openness, and rise and drop of the working lesson. (4) 

S – Social

With the social figure, commerce can dismember the monetary condition of the given business’ showcase to see how client needs are moulded, changed with unused designs, and what carries them to the advertising for a purchase. Taking after things that have to be considered are socioeconomics, masses advancement rates, age apportionment, points of view toward work and business publicize designs for energetic. 

T – Technology

It has a colossal impact on commerce, and it can influence it either antagonistically or unequivocally. With the improvement and headway within the things, modern propels, and organizations, a few commercial centres can make a few strongly recollections changing so it is fundamental to overview the advancement from all sides. The presence design of current advancement and the work of the net has changed the strategy of commerce.  

5. Explain emotional intelligence and its relationship to individual and team effectiveness, in about 200 words.

Emotional intelligence or EI is the capacity to comprehend and bargain with one’s sentiments, and the people around you. People having a genuine degree of eager information comprehends what they are feeling, what their sentiments infer, imply, and how these feelings can influence the lives of other individuals. Taking after are the most components of passionate insights:

  1. Self-awareness.
  1. Self-regulation.
  1. Motivation.
  1. Empathy.
  1. Social abilities.

Emotional intelligence and its relationship to individual and team effectiveness:

Skills of EI turning into a basic in deferred districts of exciting work, for the case, nursing, social work, the organization trade, and the board employments. With tall EI, it makes strides in the physical and mental quality of people and energizes the academic and trade execution of the individual within the association.

Emotional insights are an indivisible portion of shaping and creating significant human connections with the representative. Schutte et al (2001) found that over an arrangement of ponders on enthusiastic insights; there were colossal associations between tall EI and dynamically compelling social relations.

The individuals who show more critical levels of EI moreover illustrated a more critical slant for empathic perspective-taking, collaboration with others, making cherishing and satisfying associations fair as more conspicuous social capacities as a run the show. 

6.Explain what you understand by organizational change or transformation, in no more than 50 words. 

Organisational changes imply to hone and investigate with a point of the change and progression of affiliations to overhaul ampleness and responsiveness to exterior changes through way better people the board, wellness, trading, systems, and structures. The methods and approaches of the arrangement are being connected in trade and government and each segment. 

7.Briefly describe the six stages of change according to the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of change (no more than 70 words each). What strategies can managers in an organization use to effectively manage the change? Mention at least two strategies for each stage. 

The transtheoretical model explains the wellbeing conduct change includes around six phases of progress:

Source:  https://rcni.com/hosted-content/rcn/first-steps/stages-of-change-model

  1. Precontemplation –People neither intend to take any action nor they are sincere about it in the foreseeable future. People are often unaware that their behavior is problematic for them and others and produces negative consequences. People in the precontemplation stage often underestimate the positive side of changing behavior and give much attention to the negative of changing behavior. 
  1. Contemplation – At this level, the person will initiate healthy behavior for the foreseeable future. They recognize that their behavior may be problematic, and thoughtful and practical consideration of the positive and negative of changing the behavior takes place, with an equal emphasis placed on both. Even with the recognition, people might feel ambivalent toward changing their behavior. 
  1. Preparation (Determination) –In this stage, individuals are prepared to make a move in a short time. By taking small steps toward the behavior change, they believe the change in their behavior will lead to a healthier life. 
  1. Action – In this stage, individuals have as of late changed they’re within 6 months’ time period and intend to keep moving forward with the changed behavior. People may exhibit actions by modifying their problem behavior or acquiring new healthy behaviors. 
  1. Maintenance –In this stage, individuals have continued their conduct change for a longer period and try to intend in maintaining the changed behavior going forward. People try to prevent relapse to earlier stages. 
  1. Termination –In this organize, people need to return to their undesirable hones and are certain they won’t backslide. Since usually once in a whereas come to by somebody and people will in common stay within the upkeep organize, this organize is considered in prosperity progression programs

Strategies of each stage: (Prochaska, J. O., & Marcus, B. H. 1994)

  1. Precontemplation 
  • To raise the Awareness
  • To support re-assessment of current conduct
  • To support self-investigation
  • To clarify and customize the hazard factors 
  1. Contemplation
  • To resolve ambivalence
  • To help to choose change
  • To empower assessment of the positive and negative difference in conduct
  • To distinguish and advance new, positive result desires 
  1. Preparation (Determination) 
  • To recognize and help the issue
  • To offer assistance to distinguish social support
  • To confirm that individual has fundamental aptitudes for conduct alter
  • To energize little steps 
  1. Action:
  • To help in implementing changing strategies
  • To figure out how to dispose of likely backslides 
  1. Maintenance
  • To grow new abilities for looking after recuperation
  • To reinforce the internal rewards
  • To discuss cope with relapse 
  1. Termination:
  • Evaluate triggers for backsliding and rethink inspiration
  • Make obstructions plan more grounded adapting procedures


8.Why do organisational structures change? Explain with the help of a relevant example how a competitive marketplace affects organisational design. Which organisational structure is most suited to handling organisational change quickly? Respond in no more than 200 words. 

The fundamental explanation behind rebuilding a business is to define a new methodology. A methodology or an arrangement that decides how a business will utilize significant assets to meet its vital goals.

At the point when we change your technique, you need to adjust changes in the business structure to guarantee that the two components keep on supporting one another. This may occur, for instance, when we:

  1. Process of becoming established company from start-up
  2. Introduce change in management
  3. Diversification in the product line i.e. Move into new product lines
  4. for growth of the business
  5. To expand your business overseas 


The United Arab Emirates’ du Telcom gives flexible and settled communication, broadband organization, and IPTV to buyers and organizations. The organization began working in 2006 out of a significantly genuine showcase. Interior multiyear of a run, du had gotten 40% of the area’s piece of the by and large industry and had the alternative to keep up an improvement pace of over 32%.

In 2013, du Telecom checked a Reminder of Understanding (MoU) with China Huawei Innovations Co. Ltd. The UAE broadcast communications firm required to progress its undertaking the executive’s capacities and do’s were pioneers in that and Huawei inclined to back them.


  1. https://futureofworking.com/12-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-dictatorial-leadership-styles/
  1. https://inside.6q.io/consultative-leadership/
  1. https://www.nima.today/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Digital-Marketing-Strategy-Simon-Kingsnorth.pdf
  1. https://www.jimdo.com/blog/how-to-evaluate-your-business-idea/



Chirwa, W. C. (2001). Dancing towards dictatorship: Political songs and popular culture in Malawi. Nordic Journal of African Studies10(1), 1-27.

Bhatti, N., Maitlo, G. M., Shaikh, N., Hashmi, M. A., & Shaikh, F. M. (2012). The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction. International business research5(2), 192.

Prochaska, J. O., & Marcus, B. H. (1994). The transtheoretical model: Applications to exercise.

Yousef, D. A. (1998). Correlates of perceived leadership style in a culturally mixed environment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal.

Sammut‐Bonnici, T., & Galea, D. (2015). PEST analysis. Wiley Encyclopedia of management, 1-1

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