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The Impact of Time Management on Academic Stress and Performance Among Nurses: A Review

The Impact of Time Management on Academic Stress and Performance Among Nurses: A Review

Aeon, Brad, and Herman Aguinis. “It’s about time: New perspectives and insights on time management.” Academy of management perspectives 31.4 (2017): 309-330. doi.org/10.5465/amp.2016.0166

Aeon et al.’s purpose is to assess time norms and time structures as predictors of time management. Apart from drawing from past literature to define key concepts related to time management, the researchers also study the influence of time management on two aspects; well-being and performance. They note that time management has been studied from several viewpoints such as education, sociology, and psychology with each discipline coming up with takes that meet their inclinations. In this paper, they attempt to synthesize the viewpoint to come up with conclusive findings that are accessible to individuals from all disciplines. Thus, their target audience is any person who is interested in the dynamics of time usage on a personal, organizational, and societal level. Anybody who seeks to improve their time management skills can gain insight from this article. The researchers use empirical evidence gathered from 19 experimental research reports (secondary sources) for each of the two dependent variables (wellbeing and performance) predicted by time management. They table the statistical findings from each report before discussing each one briefly giving. They integrate the data by giving additional input on key terms and likely causes for the discrepancies in the tabled findings. Moreover, the researchers discuss concepts that inform our time management practices and the reasons behind differing time usage. The article reports that the connection between time management, performance, and well-being is not straightforward. They point out that time norms and time structures greatly impact our perceptions of time management and therefore must be identified before developing a situation-specific evaluation of performance. They also noted the influence of individual differences and temporal decision making on performance and well-being as predicted by time.

People also read

Nayak, Shalini G. “Impact of Procrastination and Time-Management on Academic Stress among Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Cross Sectional Study.” International Journal of Caring Sciences 12.3 (2019). Retrieved from: http://internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/18_nayak_original_12_3.pdf

The purpose of Nayak and Shalini’s article is to investigate academic stress among student nurses as predicted by time management skills. They point out that the nursing profession is highly dependent on good time management skills as characterized by prioritizing, organization, and never procrastinating. They approach the topic of time management as a crucial competency for the profession. The audience of this article is professional nurses particularly those doing their undergraduate studies. Moreover, the studies can be beneficial to instructors in nursing schools as well as hospital administrators when carrying out reviews on new and existing human resource for the nursing department. The study was carried out as a survey that used two scales developed by the researcher: The Procrastination Scale with 27 items on a five-point Likert scale and the Academic Stress Scale with 26 items on a similar scale. 201 participants almost evenly split from all four cohorts (grouped by year) in a nursing college. The results were then analyzed using relevant statistical methodology and were found to be both reliable and valid. The researchers report that procrastination and poor time management is a strong predictor o academic stress among nursing students. They also reported a reverse relationship between the variables whereby academic stress predicted procrastination and poor time management habits. These findings are consistent with similar research done in the past on the subject in other fields other than science.

Works Cited

Aeon, Brad, and Herman Aguinis. “It’s about time: New perspectives and insights on time management.” Academy of management perspectives 31.4 (2017): 309-330. doi.org/10.5465/amp.2016.0166

Nayak, Shalini G. “Impact of Procrastination and Time-Management on Academic Stress among Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Cross Sectional Study.” International Journal of Caring Sciences 12.3 (2019). Retrieved from: http://internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/18_nayak_original_12_3.pdf

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